The leaning tower of Pisa is a landmark that needs little introduction. In fact, this tower alone managed to make Pisa famous all over the world. It’s not everyday one sees a tower that looks like it's about to fall to its ruin, but by some inexplicable miracle, it doesn’t. Unsurprisingly, the tower is one of the top places to visit in Pisa, and curious visitors never stop streaming in! The structure is part of Pisa cathedral complex, and its initial purpose was to serve as a bell tower (campanile). However, due to the fear that the resonating bells will upset the careful balance, the bells didn’t ring for years. The story behind its uncanny lean comes down to poor planning of 12th.century architects who somewhat forgot to consider the soft subsoil in the area. By the time they noticed the issue, it was too late!
Cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta, to the locals known as Duomo di Pisa, is a magnificent piece of architecture. Often, its tipsy bell tower overshadows it. Nonetheless, the cathedral has much to offer in its own right. Today the crown of Piazza dei Miracoli, its foundations rose almost a millennium ago, in 1093. That was the initiation of what evolved into one of the finest examples of Romanesque architecture. Though in 1595, a violent fire destroyed most of the medieval art inside, some of the best Renaissance artists worked on the reconstruction work. When inside, watch out for the ceiling above the main aisle. It boasts with gold and the frescos decorating the cathedral’s dome. Naturally, they didn’t disappoint and left us with much to admire. If you are wondering what to do in Pisa for a day besides visiting the leaning tower, the cathedral is a lovely option.
The baptistery is another monument you shouldn’t miss when you travel to Pisa. The construction started around the same time as the works on the bell tower. However, as you can probably guess, the building process was more efficient. This large structure raises 54 meters high and features an incredibly gorgeous exterior design riddled with statues, arches, and ornaments. If you are crazy about architecture, exploring this building will be a real treat. For instance, Pisa’s baptistery has one dome stacked on top of another. Each of them features half-tiles and a half-lead. Plus, the upper boasts bronze John the Baptist. The famous scientist Galileo Galileo was baptized here. And, a rumor has it, a swinging lamp inside the baptistery inspired him to define laws of pendulum! So, even if you are in Pisa only for a day, don’t overlook one of the best Pisa tourist attractions.